Course: School Administration and Supervision (8616)
Level: B.Ed (1.5 Years)
Semester: Spring, 2022
Assignment no. 1
Q.1 Define administration and school administration? Elaborate different levels of administration with reference to an educational institution.
Ans : Administration occurs in every organization. The basic aim of administration is the need to get things done for defined objectives to be accomplished. Educational Administration is the process of bringing men and materials together for effective and functional teaching and learning in the school.
Educational administration is the study and practice of managing the resources, tasks and communications involved in running a school. The goal of the administrator is to keep the school’s overall process flowing smoothly, making decisions that facilitate successful education. The administrator identifies and articulates a school’s mission and goals and makes them happen by implementing programs, delegating tasks and allocating resources.
Q.2 What are the school head’s responsibilities as an administrator? Visit any Secondary school and with the consultation of head teacher prepare a list of school records maintained in a school.
What is a School Administrator?
administrative tasks in schools, colleges or other educational institutions. They ensure that the organization runs smoothly and they also manage facilities and staff.
What does a School Administrator do?
The duties of school administrators may vary depending on the size and type of school they work in. For example, school administrators in small day care centers (where they may be the only member of the administrative team) have different scope of responsibility than at a large college (where they may specialize in a specific area). Generally though, School Administrators manage budgets, handle logistics and act as a point of reference for everyone in the school.
- School Administrator responsibilities include:
- Coordinating all administrative processes.
- Managing budgets, policies and events.
- Resolving conflicts or other issues as they occur.
- What are the qualities of a School Administrator?
School Administrators are capable planners, possess good judgment, and are skilled in handling relations with various people (staff, parents, students, regulatory bodies and the public). A great School Administrator also has an attention to detail and conflict management skills.
Q.3 It is important to identify the task areas of the educational administrator. What are the main task area of educational administrator?
An educational administrator ensures a safe and productive learning environment for the students and faculty at their institution. Budgets, logistics, schedules, disciplinary actions, evaluations, and public relations fall under the purview of educational administrators.
Faculty expectations in teaching, research/scholarship, and service and citizenship are described above in Section V. The educational administrative roles cataloged here are over and above typical citizenship activities and the only roles for which there is associated salary coverage for faculty. The percent salary coverage listed for each role are maximums and prorated if the duties of a role are shared. Not all roles will be filled at all times depending on the needs of the School. The Associate Deans for Education and Research and Faculty Advancement oversee faculty administrative roles.
Q.4 Explain the central bodies of educational that play important role in administration.
Brief outlines of the eight functions of educational administration in general perspective are discussed in this article.
1. Development of Human Personality:
As educational administration is a process of human relationship it is much more influenced and controlled by the various factors that are essential for having smooth administration of an educational programme. These are: philosophical, psychological, sociological, historical and political.
So it is necessary to highlight here that educational administration is different from other types of administration as it considers every human resource as an asset and valuable potential through which the development of their personality as well as of the programme will be ensured. So development of human personality should be the first and foremost function of educational administration.
2. Provide and Ensure Proper Utilisation of Human and Material Resources:
Before organizing any educational programme it should be the first task and responsibility of the educational authority to involve and activate all the human resources who are directly or indirectly linked and involved in this process. Because due to their activeness and readiness they would be able to utilize the material resources properly. For this purpose it is the responsibility of educational administration to see that all the parts are co-ordinated into a whole.
Q.5 What is the difference between the administrative structure of public/government and private schools. Explain the function of an educational administrative office.
Public administration deals with public policies, state affairs, government functions, and providing of various services to the general public; but private administration deals with the management and operations of private organizations usually business entities.
Public administration is the specialized branch of administration and deals with public policies and programs, government functions, and providing of various services to the general public.
Public Administration is both a discipline and an activity. Public Administration as a discipline or field of study covers the multi-disciplinary subjects or areas of study like planning, budgeting, organizing, staffing, controlling, directing, and various other theoretical aspects related to the execution of the public policies and programs. Public administration covers various branches of the government namely executive, legislative and judicial, and their interrelationships. It has sub-branches of study like financial public administration, development public administration etc.
As an activity, Public Administration performs various functions like administering public services, social security services, welfare services; management of government organizations and undertakings; regulation and control of private activities and enterprises; and so on.